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What is Adderall?
Adderall is a prescription stimulant medicine that contains four different salts of amphetamine. The drug comprises equal portions of amphetamine and dextroamphetamine, producing a 3:1 ratio of two enantiomers of amphetamine. Both these enantiomers are stimulants but differ in their effects to give Adderall pills a distinct impact profile from those of amphetamine and dextroamphetamine.
Adderall comes in two primary formulations: Adderall IR or immediate release pills and Adderall XR or extended-release pills. People can buy Adderall online in both forms in different strengths, shapes, and sizes.
Adderall generic name is amphetamine and dextroamphetamine. Generic Adderall is available in the market at lower rates than the brand name ones.
It is one of the most prescribed medicines in the United States, with over 20 million Adderall prescriptions written every year.
What is Adderall used for?
Adderall is useful to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and narcolepsy. For people with ADHD, Adderall at therapeutic doses can improve brain development and nerve growth. Many different research and reviews show that the long term use of Adderall is safe and effective for the patients of ADHD.
The FDA approved Adderall only for the treatment of narcolepsy and ADHD. However, the medication is also useful in the management of depression and several other mental issues.
People take Adderall for depression at low doses to feel relaxation and euphoria and lessen depressing thoughts and behavior.
Doctors write Adderall prescriptions for children and adults. Narcolepsy treatment is recommended for children up to three years of age.
Apart from its medical uses, Adderall also has some non-therapeutic benefits. People use Adderall as a performance enhancer and for recreational purposes.
How does Adderall work?
Adderall pills contain amphetamine that works mainly by increasing the activity of the brain neurotransmitters dopamine and norepinephrine.
The medication also triggers the release of some other hormones such as epinephrine and receptors such as histamine and serotonin. Adderall promotes the synthesis of some neuropeptides such as cocaine and amphetamine-regulated transcript (CART).
Amphetamine and dextroamphetamine work simultaneously in the brain to produce Adderall effects.
What does Adderall do?
Adderall is a stimulant of the central nervous system that belongs to the phenethylamine class of the medications. It stimulates the brain to treat ADHD and narcolepsy and enhance athletic and cognitive performance. Adderall is also useful as an appetite suppressant and a euphoriant and aphrodisiac.
While taking therapeutic Adderall dosage, it is a well-tolerated and effective medication. It causes cognitive and emotional effects such as increased wakefulness, euphoria, improved cognitive control, and sex drive change.
At prescribed doses, Adderall effects include physical impacts such as fatigue resistance, faster reaction time, and increased muscle strength.
Mixing Adderall and alcohol can have additive recreational effects.
What are the common Adderall side effects?
Like other amphetamine medications, there can be some Adderall side effects even at prescribed doses. The most frequently occurring side effects of Adderall include:
- Dry mouth
- Loss of appetite
Other adverse effects of Adderall use include cardiovascular effects like hypertension, hypotension, and tachycardia; sexual effects like erectile dysfunction in males and prolonged or frequent erections, gastrointestinal effects such as constipation, abdominal pain, nausea, and diarrhea.
Adderall’s psychological side effects of Adderall include increased apprehension, alertness, initiative, concentration, mood swings, wakefulness or insomnia, and decreased sense of fatigue.
Long term use of the medication may cause effects like dependence and tolerance, leading to Adderall withdrawal and Adderall addiction.
Adderall gets absorbed through the gastrointestinal tract. It then gets metabolized by the liver and leaves the body through urine. As the medication gets eliminated through urine, it works throughout the body and can be detectable in several different tests:
- Adderall stays in the blood for up to 4 hours after administration
- Adderall stays in the urine for about 48-72 hours after administration
- Adderall stays in saliva for 20-50 hours after last use
- Adderall stays in the hair follicles for up to 3 months after the last intake
How long does Adderall last?
For how long does Adderall last depend upon the reason for which a person is taking it. The medication’s therapeutic effects start within thirty to sixty minutes after intake and last for about six hours. It reaches its peak effects in about three to four hours.
People taking Adderall for recreational purposes report that its euphoric effects take place after one hour of administration and peak after four hours. These effects start decreasing over the next two hours.
How long does Adderall XR last?
Adderall XR or extended-release form of the medication gradually releases it in the body. The effects of Adderall XR last for about 10-12 hours. As the drug’s impact lasts much longer, it is much useful for patients who need around the clock treatment of their ADHD symptoms.